Wednesday, August 27, 2008

Ahmad Faraz (1931-2008) : Ek Shayar Alhada Sa

kal din mein yahoo ke mail box mein jab kayee spams ke beech ye message dikhaee di ki Faraz nahi rahe to dil dhak se rah gaya. ekabaragi to laga ki ho sakta hai ki ye khabar ghalat ho. par googal search mein jab pakistani akhabar 'jang' ki janib se is khabar ki pushti huee to man anamana sa ho gaya. barabas unaki ye panktiyan yad aa gaeen

apane siva hamare n hone ka gam kise
apani talash mein to ham hi ham hain doston

kuchh aaj sham hi se hai dil bhi bujha-bujha
kuchh shahar ke chirag bhi maddham hain doston


Faraz kayee bimariyon se lagatar joojh rahe the aur unaki halat july ke pahale hafte mein amarika jane par aur bigad gaee thiaur somavar ki raat islamabad mein bitaee unaki aakhiri raat sabit huee.

Faraz ki shayari se mera parichay pahale pahal mehadi hasan aur gulam ali ki ghazalon se hi huaa tha. par Ahmad Faraz mein meri dilachaspi tab aur badi jab nabbe ke dashak mein unake dilli aagaman par The Times of India mein unaka ek interview pada. us interview mein Faraz se poochha gaya ki
kya shayari bina khud ke anubhavon kar likhi ja sakti hai?

Faraz ne uttar diya nahin, sachchi shayari tabhi nikalati hai jab dil ki hadon se koyee bat mahasoos ki ja sake. unhonne usi sakshatkar mein bataya tha ki ranjish hi sahi unhonne ek mohatarma ke liye likhi thi. par jisake liye ye likhi gayee thi usake bad unase unaka milana nahin ho saka. salon bad apane ek common freind se jab unki mulaqat huee to usane unhen bataya ki vo to fakr se kahati firati hai ki Faraz ne ye ghazal mere liye likhi hai.

Faraz ke sahapathi aur patrakar iftikhar ali ka kahana hai ki college ke jamane se Faraz ek aakarshak vyaktitv ke malik the. shuru se unaka jhukav kavita ki or tha. ve aksar chhatron ko apane ird-gird jama kar lete aur apani roomani kavitayen sunaya karate. peshavar mein us vakt ladake aur ladakiyon ko college mein milane julane ki rivayat nahin thi.. par Faraz ki kavitayen jane kaise chhatraon tak pahunch hi gaeen. fir to darjanon ki shakl mein chahane valiyon ke hastalikhit patr unhen milane lage. amir gharon ki ladakiyan apane naukaron ke hathon khat bhijavaya karatin to baki khud bas stanp par hi khaton ki delivery kar detin.

prem ko jis shiddat se unhonne apani shayari ka vishay banaya usaki misal milana mushkil hai. jis khoobasoorati se vo shabdon ko ashaaaron mein vo motiyon ki tarah pirote the vo unake in ashaaaron par gaur karane se aap khud hi samajh jayenge

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dukh fasana nahin ke tujhase kahen
dil bhi mana nahin ke tujhase kahen

aaj tak apani bekali ka sabab
khud bhi jana nahin ke tujhase kahen
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kurbaton mein bhi judaee ke jamane mange
dil vo bemehar ki rone ke bahane mange

apana ye hal ke ji har chuke lut bhi chuke
aur mohabbat vahi andaj purane mange
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barason ke bad dekha ik shakhs dilaruba sa
ab jahan mein nahin hai par nam tha bhala sa

alfaj the ke jugnu aavaj ke safar mein
ban jaye jangalon mein jis tarah rasta sa

khvabon mein khvab us ke yadon mein yad us ki
nindon mein ghul gaya ho jaise ke ratajaga sa

tevar the berukhi ke andaj dosti ke
vo ajanabi tha lekin lagata tha aashana sa
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ab ke ham bichhade to shayad kabhi khvabon mein milen
jis tarah sookhe huye fool kitabon mein milen

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mashhoor patrakar khalid hasan unake bare mein likhate hain ki Faraz hamesha se tanashahon ke viruddh aur lokatantr ke himayati rahe. janaral jiya ka virodh karane ki vajah se unhen naukari se hath dhona pada aur kuchh salon ke liye ve nirvasit bhi huye. is bat ko janakar aapako hairani jaroor hogi par Faraz kishoravastha mein kashmir ke 1947-48 ke yuddh mein svechchha se sammilit huye the. pakistani shasakon se unaki kabhi bani nahin aur unhonne hamesha vahi kiya aur likha jisaki unake dil ne gavahi di. shayad hi is jamane mein bharatiy up mahadvip mein unake jitani shoharat kisi aur shayar ko mili. unhen bade chav se pada jata raha aur suna jata raha. General Zia ki hukoomat ke khilaf unaki nazm Mahasara..in seize (charon or se ghira huaa ) kafi lokapriy huee thi. suniye unhin ki aavaj mein ye nazm








Faraz ki ye panktiyan unaki kalam, unake aadarsh, unaki shakhsiyat ki kahani kahati hain

mera kalam nahin tajabi us muballis ki
jo bandigi ka bhi haradam hisab rakhata hai
mera kalam nahin mijan aise aadil ki
jo apane chehare par dohara naqab rakhta hai

mera kalam to amanat hai mere logon ki
mera kalam to adalat mere zamir ki hai
isiliye to jo likha shafaq-e-jaan se likha
zabin to loch kaman ka jaban teer ki hai
main kat giroon ki salamat rahoon yakin hai mujhe
ki ye hisar-e-sitam koyee to girayega

aur chalate -chalate ahamad Faraz ki likhi chand panktiyan apani shrrddhanjali ke taur par is mahan shayar ke liye arpit karana chahoonga

vo gaya tha sath hi le gaya, sabhi rang utaar ke shahar ka
koyee shakhs tha mere shahar mein kisi door par ke shahar ka

chalo koyee dil to udas tha, chalo koyee aankh to nam rahi
chalo koyee dar to khula raha shabe intajar ke shahar ka

kisi aur desh ki or ko suna hai Faraz chala gaya
sabhi dukh samet ke shahar ke sabhi karj utar ke shahar ka ...