Monday, January 03, 2011

Mitro Marjani : Krishna Sobti ka ek bahucharchit laghu upanyas...

Zindaginama padhne ke baad mitron ne yad dilaya tha ki aapako krishna sobati ki likhi kitab mitro marajaani bhi पढ़नी chaahiye। mitro ke kiradaar se bahut pahle ek mitra ne apani blog post ke zariye milaya tha। par zidaginama ke mishrit anubhav ne mitro.. ko padhne ki ichha fir se jaga di thi। kuch mahine pahile jab pustak mele men rajakamal dvara prakashit iska sau pejon ka peparabaik sanskaran dekhne ko mila to tatkaal mainne ise kharid liya। vaise bhi aajakal patali kitabon ko dekhakar jyada khushi hoti hai kyoonki ye bharosa to rahata hai ki ek baar पढ़ने baitha to khatm kar ke hi uthoonga।

mitro marajaani ek madhyamavargeeya sanyukt vyapari parivar ki laghu katha hai jisaki kendriya kiradaar 'mitro' yani ghar ki manjhali bahu hai। mitro ko bhagavaan ne anupam saundarya bakhasha hai aur mitro is baat par itarati bhi hai। apane is yauvan ko vo poori tarah jeena chahati hai। pati saradari lal se sanpoorn sharirik sukh n milne par vo kudhti rahati hai। apani kudhan ko vo saas aur devarani ke saamane bina kisi laag lapet ke nikalti bhi rahati hai। krishna sobati ki mitro un auraton men se nahin hai jo saradarilal jaise purush ko apani niyati maan kar, roz ke pooja path aur choolha chakki men man ramakar apani sharirik sukh ki avahelna kar sake। vo apani is bhookh ki tripti ko apana vazib hak samajhti hai। so pati ki anupasthiti men vo usake mitra pyaron sai nain matakka karne men parahez nahin karati। saradarilal ko apani kami ka ahasaas hai। patni ki rangeen tabiyat usaki baukhalahat ko aur badha deti hai। vo apani patni ke charitra par saval uthata hai। maar kutauval ke baad jab sasur ke saamane panchayat judati hai to mitro apani safaai badi bebaki se kuch yoon deti hai।

"sajjano mere pati ki baat sach bhi hai aur jhooth bhi।........ ab aap hi kaho sone si apani deh jhur jhurkar jala loon ya gulajari devar ki gharavali ki nyay sui silaai ke peechhe jaan khapa loon? sach to yoon jeth ji ki deen duniya bisara main manukkh ki jaat se hans khel leti hoon। jhooth yoon ki khasam ka diya rajapaat chhod kar main kothe par to nahin ja baithi।"

purush kaalantar se stri ko usake shareer se maapta taulta aaya hai। purush ki is lolupta ko usake swabhaav ka abhinn ang maan liya gaya। par stri agar aisa roop dhaaran kar le to kya ho is prashn ko kam hi lekhakon ne upanyas ka vishaya banaya hai। par krishna sobati ne 1967 men गढ़े is upanyas men ek aise stri charitra ka nirman kiya jise apane shareer aur usaki jarooraton ka na sirf khyal hai par use vo har kimat par paana bhi chahati hai। krishna ji ne is kitab ke angreji anuvaad To hell with Mitro ke prakashit hone ke poorv apane is upanyas ke baare men kaha tha ki tab ka hindi ilakon ka samaj behad rudhiwadi tha। isake prakashan ke samay is vishaya ko kafi uttejak kaha gaya par logon ne upanyas ke andar ke tattva ko pahachaana aur use usi tarah liya।

mitro marajaani ki utpatti ke baare men krishna ji ka kahana tha
ek subah mainne man hi man ek drishya dekha ki kamare men chhata latka hua hai aur ek vriddh vyakti neeche palng par leta hua hai। sanyukra parivar ke ghar ki isi chhavi se is upanyas ki shuruaat hui। meri ek badi kamajaori hai। kahani ka agar khaka mere man men ho to main nahin likh sakti। main charitron ko tohati hoon, parakhati hoon aur aage badhati hoon। charitron ki soch par main apani soch nahin laadati। mitro ki atript ichchhaayen jis theth bhasha men nikal kar aai hain vo nihaayat usaki hain।

kuch misaal dekhen
"jind jaan ka yah kaisa vyapaar? apane ladake beej dalen to punya, dooje dalen to kukarm.."
"mera bas chale to ginkar sau kaurav jan daloon par amma, apane ladale bete ka bhi to aadatod jutao! nigode mere patthar ke but men bhi to koi harakat ho !.."

lekhika  sirf mitro ki soch ko saamane nahin rakhati par saath saath parivar ki maryadit badi bahu ke madhyam se nari ke liye banaaye ge samajik maapadandon ka jikra karana nahin bhoolti। badi bahu ke ab is kathan ki hi baangee lijie

"is kulaboran ki tarah janani ko haya n ho, to nit-nit joothi hoti aurat ki deh nire paap ka ghat hai।"
krishna sobati ji ki bhasha shaili ek baar fir vilakshan hai। saas bahuon ke jhagade, jethani devarani ke aapasi tanon, mitron ki belagaam jubaan ko krishna sobati ne jis shaili men likha hai use padhkar aap sidhe apane aapako in charitron ke bich paate hain। jindaginama ki tarah yahan bhi aanchalikta ka put hai par punjabi ke bhari bharakam shabdon ka bojh nahin। khaair vapas chale mitron ke charitra par...

sobati ji ne mitro ke charitra ke kai rang dikhaaye hen jo shvet bhi hain aur shyam bhi। mitro munhafat jaroor hai par usaki baaton ki sachchai saamane vaale ko andar tak kanpa deti hai। mitro apani chhoti devarani ki tarah kaam se ji nahin churati par agar usaka mood na ho to use usake shayan kaksh se baahar nikaalna mushkil hai। saas ke saamane unake bete ki namardi ke taane dene se vo zara bhi nahin sakuchati par saath hi chhoti bahu dvara saas ka apamaan hote dekh vo usaki achchhi khabar leti hai। saaj shrringar men doobi rahane vali mitro chhote devar ke gaban se aai musibat ko door karne ke liye apane aabhooshan dene men ek pal bhi nahin hichakti। har rat pati ke aane ki pratiksha men ghanto baat nihaarti hai to doosari taraf gair mardon se apani hasaraton ko poora karne ke swapn bhi dekha karati hai।

mitro ki ye charatrik visangatiyan pathakon ke man men usake prati aakarshan banaaye rakhati hain। mitro apani jindagi se kya chahati hai ye to lekhika shuru se hi vishleshit karati chalti hain। par mitron apani devaraniyon se alag anokhi kyoon hui iska sanket upanyas ke aakhir men ja kar milta hai jab lekhika pathakon ko mitron ki maan se milavaati hain । jindagi bhar apane yauvan ka aanand uthane vali aur unhin kadamon par apani beti ko badhava dene vali maan ka ek naya roop mitro ke saamane aata hai jo use bheetar tak jhakajhor deta hai। upanyas ke ant men aaya ye natakeeya mod badi khoobi se racha gaya hai।

aaj jab nari ki aajadi ko sharirik aur maanasik donon nazariye se dekhne ki bahas tej ho chuki hai ye upanyas ek stri ke charitra ki un aantarik paraton ko tatolta hai jis par hamara samaj jyadatar chuppi saadh leta hai।maatra pachas roopaye ke peparabaik sanskaran ko agar aapane nahin padha to jaroorpadhein। mitro ka charitra aapako jaroor udvelit karega।