Sunday, July 04, 2010

Jagjit Singh Ki Gayi Ghazalon Ka Safar, Part -I : Wo yaad aaye janab barson mein...

'Ek Shaam Mere Naam' par aksar aap meri pasand ke ne purane geet v ghazalein sunte rahe hain aur saath hi unase jude kalakaron ke baare men bhi padhte rahe hain. ghazal gaayiki ho ya hindi film sangeet, hamare desh ne ek se ek diggaj gayak diye hain jinhen ham sabhi mahaan gaayakon ki shreni men rakhte hain. aksar hota ye hai ki zaindagi ke ek kaal khnd men kisi kalakar ne aapako jyada prabhavit kiya ho aur samay ke saath aap usake aalava auron ko bhi pasand karne lage hon. kisi vyakti ki geet sangeet men pasandagi napasandagi ka maapadand is baat se bhi nirdhaarit hota hai ki vo kis daur men paida hua aur kin logon ke bich rahakar sangeet ke prati ruchi badhi. apane baare men to jaisa main sada se kahata aaya hoon ye rujhan kramashah kishor da, Jagjit Singh aur gulazaar saahab ki vajah se paida hua.

Pichhale char saalon men is chitthe par jahan mainne kishor da par ek lanbi shrrinkhala ki vahin gulzar saahab ki apani pasandida rachanaaon se aapako roobaru karata raha hoon. rah ge to Jagjit Singh saahab jinake baare men meri kalam utani nahin chali jitani chalni chaahiye thi. khaas taur par tab, jab colej jeevan men sangeet ko diye ge samay ka sabse bada hissa un ki jholi men gaya ho. bich men sudarshan fakaeer saahab ka dehant hua to unki likhi ghazalon par lekh likha. fir gulazaar saahab ke saath unka elabam 'koi baat chale' aaya to likhna lazimi ho gaya par isake aalava un par vishesh kuch nahin likh paaya. isaki kai vajahen rahin.


Sattar, assi aur nabbe ke dashak men Jagjit ki gaai ghazalon ko hamane aur hamari peedhi ne itana suna,gunagunaya ki usake baare men likhna man men utsah nahin jaga paata tha. sochte the inake baare men to sabako pata hi hoga. aur nabbe ke uttarardh se Jagjit saahab ke aise elabam aane lage jiska sangeet unki chir parichit purani dhunon se mel khata tha aur ikka dukka ghazalon ko chhod den to baki koi khaas asar bhi nahin chhod paati thin.. isase mainne unake ne elabamon men dilachaspi leni band kar di. par unake sabse achchhe daur ki yaden hamesha man men samaai rahi aur saath hi dil men ye ichha bhi ki unki gaai pasandida ghazalon ke baare men kuch likhoon aur aaj isi vajah se main is shrrinkhala ki shuruaat kar raha hoon.


Urdu ka behad thoda gyan rakhne vali bharateeya janta ko ghazal ki vidha ke prati aakarshit karne men Jagjit ji ka yogadaan bhulaya nahin ja sakta. aaj bhi agar koi yuva mujhase pahle pahal ghazal sunane ke liye kisi elabam ka nam poochhata hai to men use Jagjit ji ke kisi elabam ka hi nam batata hoon.

Darasal Jagjit ji ki ghazalon ki khaasiyat isi baat men thi ki unhonne jyadatar aise shayaron ki gazalen gane ke liye chunin jinamen urdu ke bhari bharakam shabd to nahin the par bhavanaaon ki gaharaai thi. agar koi ghazal is maamale men thodi kamazaor bhi rahati to Jagjit ki aavaaz ka jaadu usaki vo kami bhi dhak leta.

Jagjit ne pahali baar apani ghazalon men paranparagat bharateeya vaadya yantron tabla,sitaar,santoor, sarod aur baansuri ke saath paashchaatya vaadya yantron ka istemaal kiya. ghazalon ki dijital rikarding bhi unake elabamon se hi shuru hui. ghazal gaayiki ko unhonne semi klasakil sangeet ki paridhi se baahar nikaala. lihaza vo paranparagat ghazal gaayiki ke prashansakon ki aalochna ke bhi paatra bane. par Jagjit ji ke ye ne prayog, aam janta ko khoob bhaaye. Jagjit na keval desh ke sabse lokapriya ghazal gayak bane balki unhonne bharat men gazalapremiyon ki ek nai zamat paida ki.

Jagjit ki gaai ghazalon ke madhyam se basheer badra, sudarshan fakaeer, nida faazali,rajesh reddi jaise pratibhavan shayaron ko ek vishal pathak varg tak pahunchane men madad mili. shayaron ke aalava Jagjit ne talat ajeez, ghanshyaam vaasvani, ashok khosla jaise kai pratibhavan ghazal gaayakon ko janta ke saamane lane men madad ki. Jagjit sinh ek aise prakash stanbh hai jisaki roshni ke bina bharateeya ghazal gaayiki ki chamak fiki pad jaati hai. yoon to Jagjit ne apane kairiyar ki shuruaat se abhi tak takariban pachas ke kareeb elabams nikaale hain par Jagjit se judi ye shrrinkhala un album aur ghazalon se judi rahegi jo mujhe khase priya rahe hain.

To aaiye ghazalon ki is shrrinkhala ka aagaaz karen unake ek behatareen album ki ek ghazal se. ise likha tha janab rustam sahagal 'vafa' ne. Jagjit ji ne jis pyar aur aavaaz ki mulayamit se ye ghazal gaai hai vo sunte hi banti hai. apane kisi meet se barason baad milne ka ahasaas dil ko kitana gudagudaata hai vo is ghazal ko sunkar mahasoos kar sakte hain


aap aaye janab barason mein
hamane pi hai sharab barason mein

fir se dil ki kali khili apani
fir se dekha shabaab barason mein

tum kahan the kahan rahe sahib,
aaj hoga hisab barason mein

pahle nadan the ab hue dana*
unako aaya aadab barason mein
*buddhimaan

isi ummeed pe main jinda hoon
kya vo denge javab barason mein


Is shrrinkhala ki agli kadi men aapase baate hongi is elabam ki kuch behatareen ghazalon ke baare men. vaise kya aapako yad aaya ki kaun sa elabam tha ye Jagjit ji ka?