Sunday, September 07, 2008

Jayshankar Prasad's Tumul Kolahal from Kamayani sung beautifully by Asha Bhosle

Hindi sahitya ke itihaas mein ek yug ‘chhayavada’ ke naam se jana jata hai, jisake char bade maharathi the - Prasad, Nirala, Pant aur Mahadevi. satavin se lekar dasavin tak main in chhayavadi kaviyon ki kavitaon se bilkul ghabara jaya karata tha. shikshak chahe kitana bhi samajha lein, in kaviyon ki likhi panktiyon ki saprasang vyakhya karane aur bhavarth likhane mein hamare pasine chhoot jate the.Jayshankar Prasad ki pahali kavita jo dhyan mein aati hai vo thi beeti vibhavari jaag ri.... jo kuchh yoon shuru hoti thi

beeti vibhavari jaag ri!
ambar panaghat mein dubo rahi
tara ghat usha nagari
.

shikshak bade manoyog se ratri ke beet jane aur subah hone par nayika ke jagane ke aagrah ko tamam roopakon se vishleshit karate huye samajhate, par man ye manane ko taiyar na hota ki samany si baat raat ke jane aur pratahkal ki bela ke aane ke liye itna kuchh ghuma fira kar likhane ki jaroorat hai. vaise bhi ghar par subah na uth pane ke liye pitaji ki roz ki ulahana sunane ke baad kavi ke vicharon se man ka kahan samy sthapit ho pata ? vakt beeta, samajh badali. aur aaj jab is kavita ko kisi ke mukh se sunta hoon to khud man gunaguna uthta hai

khag kul-kul sa bol raha, kisalay ka anchal dol raha,
lo yah latika bhi bhar laee, madhu mukul naval ras gagari.
adharon mein raag amand piye, alakon mein malayaj band kiye
tu ab tak soyee hai aali, aankhon mein bhare vihag ri.
beeti vibhavari jag ri!



Aisi mohak panktiyan likhane vale Jayshankar prasad ji ki prshthabhoomi kya rahi ye janane ko aapaka man bhi utsuk hoga. jayshankar ji ke kavy sankalan par ek kitab sahity akadami ne chhapi thi. usake prakkathan mein vikhyat sahity samikshak Vishnu Prabhakar ji ne likha hai

"..........Jayshankar ji ka janm mat shulk dashami sanvat 1946 (san 1889) ke din kashi ke ek sampann aur yashasvi gharane mein huaa tha. jab pita ka dehavasan huaa, us samay prasad ki avastha keval gyarah varsh ki thi. kuchh hi varshon ke bhitar bade bhaee bhi paralok sidhar gaye aur solah varshiy kavi par samasyaon ka pahad aa toota. aarthik drshti se poori tarah jarjar ho chuki ek sanskari kul parivar ke lupt gaurav ke punaruddhar ki chunauti to munh baye samane khadi hi thi, jis parivar par antahin mukadamebaji, bhari karj ka bojha, svarthi aur akaranadrohi svajana, tathakathit shubhachintakon ki khokhali sahanubhooti ka vyangya...sabakuchh viparit hi viparit tha. koee aur hota to apani sari pratibha ko lekar is bojh ke niche chakanachoor ho gaya hota. kintu is pratikool paristhiti se joojhate huye prasad ji ne n keval kuchh varshon ke bhitar apane kutumb ki aarthik avastha srdrdh kar li, balki apani bauddhik-manasik sampatti ko bhi is vatyachakr se akshat ubar liya.

svayam jayashankar ji ne likha hai
ye manasik viplav prabho, jo ho rahe din rat hain
kuvichar kuron ke kathin kaise kutil aaghat hain
he nath mere sarathi ban jav manas-yuddh mein
fir to thaharane se bachenge ek bhi n viruddh mein.

yahi huaa bhi. jis gahare manovijnyan yatharthavad ki ninv par prasad ke jeevan krtitv ki poori imarat khadi hai, vah unaki vyaktigat jivani ki bhi buniyad hai. ghar-parivar vyavasthit kar lene ke bad hamare kavi ne apane antarjivan ki vyavastha bhi utani hi drdhata se samhali aur apani rachanatmak pratibha ke nirantar aur achook vikas kram se unhonne sahity jagat ko vismay mein dal diya.

dhire-dhire, lagabhag naamaloom dhang se unaki rachanayen sahity jagat mein gahare bhidati gaeen aur kya kavita, kya kahani, kya nataka, kya-chintan har kshetr mein khamir ki tarah roopantarit siddh hoti chali gaee. kisi ne unake bare mein likha hai ki prasad ka jo aantarit vyaktitv tha, vah lilapurush krshn ke darshan se prerana pata tha, aur unaka jo samajik vyaktitv tha, vah maryada purushottam ram ko apana aadarsh manata tha. nishchit hi prasad ji ke kavy ke pichhe jo jivan aur vyaktitv hai, usamein dhairy aur nissangata ki vipul kshamata rahi honi chahiye.

prasad ka vaishishty karuna aur anand ke atirikt jin do tatvon se prerit hai, ve hai unaka itihas-bodh aur aatm-bodha. pahali drshti mein paraspar virodhi lagate huye bhi ye donon chijen unake krtitv mein itane avichchhedy roop mein judi huee hain ki lagata hai, donon ka vikas do lagatar pas aati huee aur ant mein ek bindu par mil jane vali rekhaon ki tarah huaa. yah bindu nishchay hi ‘kamayani’ hai............."

usi 'kamayani' se liye gaye is ansh ko aasha ji ne behad surile andaj mein gaya hai. sangeet jayadev ka hai. . ye geet aasha jayadev ke elabam An Unforgettable Treat se liya gaya hai jo saregama par upalabdh hai. isi album mein mahadevi ji ka likha kaise unako paoon aali bhi hai .

mere khyal se kisi hindi kavi ki kavita ko itane adbhut roop mein kabhi svarabaddh nahin kiya gaya hai. bas lagata yahi hai ki prasad ke shabdon mein aasha jayadev ki jodi ne pran foonk diye hon. aasha hai aap ko bhi is madhur geet ko sunane mein utana hi aanand aayega jitana mujhe aata raha hai...




tumul kolahal kalah mein
main hraday ki bat re man

vikal hokar nity chanchal,
khojati jab nind ke pal,
chetana thak-si rahi tab,
main malay ki baat re man

chir-vishad-vilin man ki,
is vyatha ke timir-van ki
main usha-si jyoti-rekha,
kusum-vikasit prat re man

jahan maru-jvala dhadhakati,
chataki kan ko tarasati,
unhin jivan-ghatiyon ki,
main saras barasat re man

pavan ki prachir mein ruk
jala jivan ji raha jhuk,
is jhulasate vishv-din ki
main kusum-ritu-rat re man

chir nirasha niradhar se,
pratichchhayit ashru-sar mein,
madhup-mukhar marand-mukulit,
main sajal jalajat re man"


Click Here to read this post in Hindi (Devnagari) script.