Wednesday, April 27, 2011

Panchan aur unki 'Mada'l tarang...

Pancham da ek aise sangeetakaar the jo sangeet sanyojan men nit naye prayog kiya karte the. vaise to pancham, kishor aur gulazaar ki tikadi ke jaane kitane hi geet sattar ke dashak ke mere sarvapriya geeton men rahe hain par unake kuch geet aise hain jo unamen prayukt dhunon aur taalon ki vajah se yaadon se kabhi door nahin hote. aaj 1978 men bani film 'ghar' ka aisa hi geet yad aa raha hai jiska mukhada aur saath men bajte 'madal' ki anoothi tal aur usake saath spainish gitar ka adbhut sanyojan geet ko ek alag hi pahachaan deta tha. ye geet tha svar kokila lata mangeshkar ka gaya nagma tere bina jiya jaaye na.... to isase pahle ki main aap ko ye bataoon ki pancham da ne is geet men naya kya kiya tha, ye jaan lena jaroori hoga ki aakhir madal vaadya yantra hai kya?

madal bharat ke anya paaranparik tal vaadyon ki tarah hi dikhta hai par hai ye nepal ki bhoomi men panapa vaadya yantra, jiska vahan ke pahadi log lok geeton men prayog karte the. bharat ke uttar poorvi ilakon aur uttar bangal men bhi iska prayog hota raha. dholak aur pakhavaj ki tarah hi madal ko donon taraf se bajaya jata hai par inki tulna men madal chhota aur halka hota hai. isake bade vaale chhor se neeche ke sur nikalte hain jabaki chhote vaale chhor se oopar ke.

pancham ko is nepaali vaadya yantra se parichit karane ka shreya nepal ke madal vaadak ranjeet gazmer ko jata hai jinhen pancham 'kaanchabhai' bhi kahate the. pancham da ko is vaadya yantra se kitana lagaav tha ye isi baat se spasht hai ki unhonne kaanchabhai ko apani aarkestra ka sthayi sadasya bana diya tha.

vividh bharti par pancham ki sangeet yatra vaale karyakram men aasha v gulazaar ji se is geet men kiye ge apane prayog ke baare men baat karte hue pancham ne kaha tha..

ye badi majedaar cheez hai. jis sur men gane ki pankti khatm hoti ho, usi sur men... usi sur ka tabla baje. jaise hamare yahan tabla tarang hai to ham logon ne koshish ki ki use madal tarang men bajaya jaaye...
yaani jis tarah tabla tarang men ek saath kai tabalon ko alag alag suron men laga kar ek saath bajaya jata hai vaisa hi yahan madal ke saath kiya gaya. madal tarang ko dekhna chahate hon to yahan dekh sakte hain.


pancham ne is geet ke aaranbhik tees sekend men jo gitar ki dhun pesh ki hai use jab bhi main sunta hoon ise baar baar sunane ka dil karta hai aur fir geet ke pachasaven sekend ke baad se pancham ki madal par ki gai kalakari (jiska oopar jikra kiya gaya) sunane ko milti hai aur man pancham ko unki bemisaal pratibha ke liye dad diye bina nahin maanta. geet sunane ke baad bhi geet ka mukhada aur pancham ki dhun ghanton dilo dimaag par apana asar banaaye rakhati hai. oopar ki rikarding men aapane lata ke saath kishor ko bhi ek alag tarike se gaate suna. aaiye ab sunte hain lata ji dvara gaya ye nagma.


tere bina jiya jaaye na
bin tere tere bin saajana
saans men saans aae na
tere bina ...

jab bhi khayalon men too aae
mere badan se khushabu aae
mahake badan men raha n jaaye
raha jaaye na, tere bina ...

reshami raaten roz

n hongi
ye saugaaten roz n hongi
zaindagi tujh bin ras n aae
ras aae na, tere bina ...


chalte chalte pancham aur unake madal prem se juda ek aur kissa batata chaloon. 1974 men ek film aai thi 'ajnabi'. pancham ko usake geet record karne the. par hua yoon ki theek usi waqt film jagat men saajakaron ki hadatal ho gai. intaralyoods men sangeet sanyojan men aarkestra ka hona tab ek aam baat thi. ab gana to rikard hona tha to kiya kya jaaye. par pancham to aakhir pancham the. unhonne ek raasta dhoondh nikaala. pancham ne geet ke antre men bajte madal ke ridam yaani tal ko intaralyoods men bhi barakaraar rakha aur saath men jod di tren ki aavaaz aur gana ho gaya supar hit. aap samajh rahe hain na kis geet ki baat ho rahi hai? ji haan ye geet tha lata v kishor ki yugal aavaaz men gaya nagma ham donon do premi duniya chhod chale...