Wednesday, May 13, 2009

Manik Mulla aur Suraj Ka Saatvaan Ghoda

Aap soch rahe honge jab itane prasiddh laghu upanyas ke lekhak Dharmaveer Bharti hain to fir shirshak men manik mulla kahan se aa tapake? daraasal bharati ji ne badi chaturaee se is laghu upanyas ke shirshak aur kahi gaee kahaniyon ka jimma manik mulla par dala hai jo un sat dopaharon men lekhak aur unaki mitr mandali ko na keval kahaniyan sunate hain , par sath hi sath un kahaniyon se nikalate nishkarsh ki vyakhya bhi karate hain.

par isase pahale ki manik mulla ki kahaniyon ki tah men jayen, katha lekhan ke bare men unake falasafe par bhi jara gaur farama len ...

kuchh patr lo, aur ek nishkarsh pahale se soch lo, fir apane patron par itana adhikar rakho, itana shasan rakho ki ve apane aap prem ke chakr men ulajh jayen aur ant men ve usi nishkarsh par pahunche jo tumane pahale se tay kar rakha hai.

prem ko apani kathavastu ka kendr banane ke pichhe manik mulla tagore ki ukti aamar majhare je aachhe se go kono virahani nari (arthat mere man ke andar jo basa hai vah koee virahani nari hai) par dhyan dene ko kahate hain. unaki manen to ye virahani nari har lekhak ke dil men vyapt hai aur vo bar bar tarah tarah se apani katha kaha karati hai .

Manik Mulla ki kahaniyan ek doosare se judi huee hain aur sootradhar hone ke aalava ve khud kaee kahaniyon ke nayak ban baithe hain yadyapi unake charitr men nayak hone ke gun chhatank bhar bhi nahin hain. manika, lili se apane prem ko kori bhavanaon ke dharatal se uthakar kisi moort roop men la pane men asamarth hain aur jab sati poorn vishvas ke sath unake sath jindagi vyatit karane ka prastav rakhati hai to ve kayaron ki tarah pahale to bhag khade hote hain aur bad men pashchatap ka bigul bajate firate hain.
sau prshthon ka ye laghu upanyas manik mulla ki prem kahaniyon ke atirikt unaki jindagi men aaee tin strion jamuna, lili aur sati ke ird gird bhi ghoomata hai. ye tinon nayikayen samaj ke alag alag vargon (madhyama, kulin aur nimn ) ka pratinidhitv karati hain. upanyas ki nayikayen apane aas pas ke halaton se kis tarah joojhati hain ye janana bhi dilachasp hai. jahan jamuna ka anapad bholapan sahanubhooti batorata hai vahin usaki samajhautavadi pravrti pathak ke chitt se use door le jati hai. lili men bhavukata aur vidvata hai to ahankar bhi hai. ek sati hi hai jo bauddhik roop se nimnatar hote huye bhi ek thosa, eemanadar vyaktitv ki svamini hai. sach poochhen to sati ko chhodakar lekhak ka banaya koee kiradar aadarsh nahin hai. daraasal lekhak madhyam varg ki bhed chal vali socha, samajhauta aur palayanavadi pravrti se aahat hain. apani isi yantrana ko shabd dete huye lekhak apane sootradhar ke madhyam se likhate hain..

ham jaise log jo n uchch varg ke hen aur n nimnavarg ke, unake yahan rudiyan, paramparayen, maryadayen bhi aisi purani aur vishakt hain ki kul milakar ham sabhi par aisa prabhav padata hai ki ham yantr matr rah jate hain. hamare andar udar aur oonche sapane khatm ho jate hain aur ek ajab si jad moorchhana ham par chha jati hai. .....ek vyakti ki eemanadari isi men hai ki vah ek vyavastha dvara ladi gayi sari naitik vikrti ko bhi asvikar kare aur usake dvara aaropit sari jhoothi maryadaon ko bhi, kyonki donon ek hi sikke ke do pahalu hote hain. lekin ham vidroh nahin kar pate aur samajhautavadi ho jate hain.
par bat yahin tak khatm nahin ho jati. tathakathit buddhijiviyon par kataksh karate huye ve kahate hain ki sirf naitik vikrti se apane aap ko alag rakh kar hi bhale hi ham apane aap ko samaj men sajjan ghoshit karava len par tamam vyavastha ke viruddh na ladane vali pravrti parishkrt kayarata hi hogi.

ye laghu upanyas chhaः kiradaron ki katha par aadharit hai aur har ek bhag men katha ek kiradar vishesh ke najariye se badati hai. har katha ke bad ka vishleshan anadhyay ke roop men hota hai jahan bharati ki vyangyatmak tippaniya dil ko bendh jati hai. isiliye is upanyas ki bhoomika men mahan sahityakar ajnyey likhate hain

sooraj ka satavan ghoda ek kahani men anek kahaniyan nahin anek kahaniyon men ek kahani hai. ek poore samaj ka chitr aur aalochan hai; aur jaise us samaj ki anant shaktiyan paraspar-sambaddha, paraspar aashrit aur paraspar sambhoot hain, vaise hi usaki kahaniyan bhi. vah chitr sundara, pritikar ya sukhad nahin hai; kyonki us samaj ka jivan vaisa nahin hai aur bharati ne chitr ko yathashaky sachcha utarana chaha hai. par vah asundar ya apritikar bhi nahin, kyonki vah mrt nahin hai, n mrtyupoojak hi hai.

aur ant men bat is pustak ke pratitatmak shirshak ki. katha ke sootradhar ko ye vishvas hai ki bhale hi soory ke chhaः ghode jo madhyam varg men vyapt naitik patana, anachara, aarthik sangharsha, nirasha, katuta ke path par chalakar apane rah se bhatak gaye hain par soory ke rath ka satavan ghoda abhi bhi maujood hai jo pathabhrasht samaj ko sahi raste par la sakata hai. isiliye vo likhate hain

".....par koee n koee cheez aisi hai jisane hamesha andhere ko chirakar aage badhane, samaj-vyavastha ko badalane aur manavata ke sahaj moolyon ko punaः sthapit karane ki takat aur prerana di hai. chahe use aatma kah lo, chahe kuchh aura. aur vishvasa, sahasa, saty ke prati nishtha, us prakashavahi aatma ko usi tarah aage le chalate hain jaise sat ghode soory ko aage badha le chalate hain.....vastav men jivan ke prati yah adig aastha hi sooraj ka satavan ghoda hai, ‘‘jo hamari palakon men bhavishy ke sapane aur vartaman ke navin aakalan bhejata hai taki ham vah rasta bana saken jis par hokar bhavishy ka ghoda aayega......’’

dharmavir bharati ki bharatiy Gyanapith se prakashit kitab net par yahan upalabdh hai. bharat men isaka mooly sirf 35 rupaya hai aur ye do se tin ghante ki siting men aaram se padi ja sakati hai. shyam benegal ne is laghu upanyas par aadharit ek film bhi banaee thi jo nabbe ke dashak men kafi sarahi gaee thi. mainne vo film nahin dekhi par is patakatha par benegal ke nirdeshan men bani film pustak se bhi asaradar hogi aisa mera vishvas hai