Thursday, April 09, 2009

History of Bangladesh's Independence Struggle : Main Borishailla by Mahua Maji

Vaise to is blog par ab tak kaee kitabon ki charcha huee hai par aaj fark sirf itana hai ki is kitab ko padane ke pahale, isaki lekhika mahuaa maji ko hindi divas samaroh men dekhane sunane ka saubhagy mujhe mila hai. main borishailla, ranchi ki lekhika mahuaa maji ka pahala upanyas hai jo hamare padosi desha, bangladesh ke mukti sangram ki amar gatha kahata hai.

samajashastr se snatkottar karane vali mahuaa maji ji ne bangladesh ko hi aakhir apane upanyas ka vishay kyoon chuna? daraasal lekhika ka dadihal dhaka aur nanihal barisal borishal raha. isaliye bang bhoomi se bahar rahati huee bhi unake purakhon ki matrbhoomi aur vahan se aaye logon ke bare men unaki sahaj utsukata bani rahi.

jaisa ki vishay se spasht hai, is tarah ka upanyas likhane ke liye gahan chhan bin aur tathy sankalan ki aavashyakata hai. mahuaa ne jis tarah is pustak men muktivahini ke karyakalapon ka vivaran diya hai, usamen unake dvara risarch men ki gaee mehanat saf jhalakati hai. ab agar aap is uhapoh men hon ki pustak ka shirshak main borishailla kyoon hai to isaka sidha sa javab hai ki aanchalik bhasha men bangladesh ke dakshini hisse men avasthit is sanskrtik nagari borishal barisal ke logon ko borishailla kaha jata hai aur is kahani ke nayak keshto ghosh ki karmabhoomi bhi borishal hi hai isiliye vo kah sakata hai 'main borishailla'.

mahuaa ne apani katha kesto ke madhyam se rachi hai. kesto ka bachapan borishal shahar men bita aur fir jab usake pita ki mithaee ki dukan men aag lag gaee to use apane bhaee bahanon ke sath apane paitrk ganv shonaramapur jana pada. kesto ke bachapan ki kahani kahane men mahuaa bang bhoomi ka poora najara aapake samane la khada karati hain. gachh bhara nariyala, pokhar bhari machhali, voroj bhara pan aur gola bhara dhan jaise drshy rah rah kar ubharate hain. har mausam ki apani nirali chhata ko lekhika ne apani kalam men bakhoobi kaid kiya hai. gram bangla men utar aaee sharad ritu ke bare men vo likhati hain


"......barasat khatm hone ke sath hi aakash ka rang badalane laga. jeth ke madhy se lagatar rote rahane ke bad is aashvin men aakar aakash manon dil kholakar hans pada. svachchh bharahin badalon ke kuchh jhund aakash ke hansate nile chehare par safed danton ki tarah chamakane lage. jhootakali, mohanachuda, hariyala, haldimana, tooni, bangaee jaise tarah tarah ke rang birange pakshi jo barish ke karan najar nahin aate the, jhund ke jhund pankh pasar kar khule aakash men mandarane lage. khule maidan men jahan lambe lambe dhan ke paudhe nahin the, pani ke oopar door digant tak manon foolon ko samrajy bichha huaa tha. lal lal kumud foolon ka, jalakumbhi ke nile nile manabhavan foolon ka aur bade bade thal se bichhe hare patton ke bich sar uthaye khade safed gulabi kamal foolon ka samrajya......"

aanchalik parivesh ki prastuti jamin se judi lage isake liye lekhika ne hindi shabdon ko vaise hi likha hai jaise ve bangla men bole jate hain. sath hi sath unhonne jagah jagah bang bhoomi ke mahan kaviyon, bhatiyari lok giton aur mukti sangram ke prerak naron ko hindi ke sath sath bangla men bhi likha hai taki pathak ko us sanskrti aur us samay ke mahaul se apana samanjasy bithane men sahooliyat ho.

poore upanyas ko do bhagon men banta ja sakata hai. pahale charan men lekhika kesto ki bachapan ki shararaton se lekar kishoravastha men munbaee bhagane aur fir prem men asafal hokar vapas borishal men ek bade vyavasayi aur bandi bildar banakar apane aap ko sthapit karane ki kahani kahati hain. upanyas ka agala charan svatantr pakistan ke poorvi hisse men ubhare bhashaee rashtravad ki katha kahata hai. pashchimi pakistan ke shasakon dvara nirantar barate jane vale bhedabhava, se ye bhashaee rashtravad svatantrata sangram men tab badal jata hai jab chunavi jit ke bad pakistani shasak shekh mujib ko satta hastantarit kiye jane se aanakani karate hain.

fir shuru hoti hai muktivahini ke abhyuday ke sath pakistani shasakon ke barbar julm ki gatha jo kaee jagah rongate khadi kar deti hai. agar aap muktivahini ki utpatti ke karanon, unake ladane ke tarikon aur us kalakhand men pak sena dvara ki gaee barbarata aur bharat dvara kiye gaye paroksh aur pratyaksh sahayog ke bare men vistar se janane men ruchi rakhate hon to ye upanyas aapake liye hai. bharat ke yuddh men nirnayak sahayog ke bavajood bhi bangladeshiyon ki bharat ke prati sandeh karane ki pravrti aur vigat varshon men alpasankhyak hinduon ke sath hone vali dangaee hinsa ka jikr bhi ek kachot ke sath lekhika ne kiya hai.

mahuaa maji ke is upanyas ko padane ke bad kuchh prashn dimag men svataः uthate hain.
kya dharm ko kisi rashtr ki utpatti ka aadhar banana chahiye ? agar aisa hota to pakistan ke do tukade kabhi na banate. 'main borishailla' ki rachana prakriya par bat karate huye mahuaa maji kahati hain ki bangladesh ke mukti sangram ko apane pahale hi upanyas ka vishay banane ka karan tha ki main naee pidhi ke liye use ek drshtant ke roop men pesh karana chahati thi ki aaj beshak poori duniya men sari ladaiyan dharm ke nam par hi ladi ja rahi hain, lekin sach to ye hai ki sara khel satta ka hai.
upanyas ke aakhir men apani bat ko prabhavi dhang se rakhate huye mahuaa likhati hain

"........to kya dharm se adhik mahattvapoorn kuchh aur tatv hain jo dharm ke sath shamil hain ya dharm unamen shamil hai. kya hain vo tattv ? yah to ham sabane dekha hai ki poorvi pakistaniyon ke liye dharm se adhik mahattvapoorn sanskrti rahi. tabhi to bangla bhasha, sahity sanskrti ke liye bhasha aandolan huaa aur aandolanon ka silasila chal nikala .
aur pashchimi pakistaniyon ke liye? unake liye nishchay hi dharm se adhik mahattvapoorn satta rahi. varchasv ka sukha, shoshan se prapt ऍshvary ka sukh hamesha unake dharm par havi raha tabhi to samanadharmi hote huye bhi vo poorvi prant ke logon se itani kroorata se pesh aaye jitani ki koee vidharmi bhi nahin aa sakata tha.
isaka matalab dharm utana mahattvapoorn nahin jitana jatalaya jata hai. mahattvapoorn hote hain doosare karaka. dharm to sirf ek mukhauta hai jise pahanakar aur pahanakar kuchh svarthi tattv apana svarth sadhate hain. ...."


mahuaa maji ne apane 399 prshthon ke upanyas men rochakata banaye rakhi hai. ' rajakamal' dvara prakashit is upanyas ko July 2007 mein 'indu sharma katha samman' se navaja gaya tha. 150 rupaye ki is pustak ko aap net par yahan se kharid sakate hain.